Hekatompathia by Thomas Watson
Glossary & Appendices
by Barboura Flues. copyright © 2002
APPENDIX I: Glossary
affright (v): terrify. FS (17); Watson Hek (POETRY); Lyly Love's Met; Marlowe Edw2; Nashe Menaphon (1st OED citation); (anon.) Woodstock, Penelope, Leicester's Gh; Munday Huntington; Chapman D'Olive.
Arabian bird (n): phoenix, a rare specimen. FS (2-A&C, Cymb) Watson Hek; Lyly Endymion, Woman/Moon.
basilisk (n, adj): A fabulous reptile, ... alleged to be hatched by a serpent from a cock's egg; an-cient authors stated that its hissing drove away all other serpents, and that its breath, and even its look, was fatal. FS (5-2H6, 3H6, Rich3, WT, Cymb); Watson Hek (COMMENTS, POETRY); Lodge Wounds; Lyly Woman ... Moon; Nashe Penniless , Anatomy of Absurdity; (anon.) Locrine, Arden, Ironside; (disp.) Greene's Groat; Chettle Kind Hart; etc. Note also the striking use by Kyd in Sol&Per (reg. 1592), in which a major coward, braggart and back-stabber is named Basilisco.
bell, bear the bell/win the bell (v): win the prize. NFS. Cf. Golding Ovid; Watson Hek (POETRY); Lyly Sapho; (anon.) Willobie His Avisa.
besprent (a): sprayed. NFS. Cf. Golding Ovid; Brooke Romeus; Watson Hek (POETRY).
bewray (v): reveal. FS (7); Golding Ovid; Brooke Romeus; Watson Hek (COMMENTS, POETRY); Edwards Dam&Pith; Gascoigne Jocasta; Greene Orl Fur, Fr Bacon, James IV; Kyd Sp Tr, Sol&Per; Marlowe Massacre, Jew/Malta; (disp.) Oldcastle; Lyly Bombie, Midas, Gallathea, Endymion, Campaspe, Whip; Pasquil Return; (anon.) Marprelate; Locrine, Ironside, Arden, Willobie, Penelope, Leic Gh.
brunt (n): outburst, attack. NFS. Cf. Golding Ovid; Watson Hek (POETRY); Gascoigne Jocasta; Lodge Wounds of Civil War; Lyly Woman ... Moon; Greene Fr Bac; Marlowe T1, Massacre.
Charon/ferryman [across the river Styx]: (anon.) Arden [ferryman]. Charon -- FS (2-Rich3, T&C); Watson Hek (COMMENTS, POETRY); Greene Orl Fur; Marlowe T1; Kyd Sp Tr; Sidney Antony. Widely used image in Ren. literature.
cheer (n): expression. FS (5-1H6, Shrew, 1H4, Edw3); Golding Ovid, Abraham; Brooke Romeus; Gascoigne Jocasta; Watson Hek (POETRY); Marlowe/Nashe Dido; Greene Alphonsus, James IV; (anon.) Locrine, Willobie, Penelope; Peele Wives. OED contemp citation: 1559 Mirr. for Mag
cockatrice (n): basilisk; see above. FS (2-Rich3, R&J); Watson Hek; Lyly Campaspe; Kyd Sol&Per; (anon.) Locrine; (disp.) Cromwell.
conceit (n): fears, imaginings, fantasy. FS (Errors, MND); Watson Hek (COMMENTS, POETRY).
craze (v): break, destroy. FS (3-Rich3, Lear, Mac); Watson Hek.
cry creak (v): give up, cry uncle. NFS. Cf. Edwards Dam&Pith; Watson Hek (POETRY). OED contemp citations: 1573 Tusser Husb. (1878) 102 When tilth plows breake, poore cattle cries creake. 1577 Stanyhurst Descr. Irel. in Holinshed VI. 52.
enlarge (v): set free, expand (in speech). FS (1-JC): Watson Hek (COMMENTS); Kyd Sp Tr; 1st OED citation: 1614 Raleigh Hist. World
fell (a): savage, cruel. FS (many); Golding Ovid; Brooke Romeus; Gascoigne Jocasta; Watson Hek (POETRY); Kyd Sp Tr, Sol&Per; Marlowe Edw2; (anon) Locrine, Mucedorus, Woodstock, Penelope.
froward (a): perverse, forward. FS (13); Golding Ovid; Watson Hek (COMMENTS). Common.
gyre/geere (n): spiral, circle. NFS. Cf. Watson Hek; Spenser FQ.
glimsing (a): glimmering; shining faintly; appearing by glimpses, affording glimpses. Cf. Watson Hek (POETRY) (3d OED citation); Greene Alphonsus. OED contemp citations: 1551 Recorde Pathw. Knowl; 1577 Stanyhurst Descr. Irel.
glister (v): glitter. FS (9); Golding Ovid, Abraham; Brooke Romeus; Gascoigne Jocasta; Watson Hek (COMMENTS); Lyly Gallathea, Woman ... Moon, Midas; Greene Fr Bacon; (anon.) Locrine; (disp.) Cromwell, Maiden's. Cf. V&A (44): His eye, which scornfully glisters like fire. See also Willobie (In praise of): Yet Tarquin plucked his glistering grape, And Shake-speare, paints poor Lucrece rape.
gloze/glose (n, v): specious, over-expansive talk, flattery. FS (6-LLL, Rich2, H5, TA, T&C, Pericles); Golding Ovid; Gascoigne Supposes; Edwards Dam&Pith; Watson Hek (COMMENTS, POETRY); Lyly Campaspe; Kyd Cornelia, Sol&Per; Marlowe Edw2; (anon.) Ironside, Arden, Willobie; Nashe Menaphon, Summers, Absurdity; Harvey Pierce's Super; (disp.) Greene's Groat, Maiden's. Cf. (anon.) Nobody/Somebody (v).
hight/hyght (v): is/was called/named (v). FS (4-LLL, MND, Pericles); Golding Ovid, Abraham; Brooke Romeus; Watson Hek (POETRY); Gascoigne Jocasta; Greene G a G, Alphonsus; Kyd Sp Tr; Peele Wives; (anon.) Leic Gh; Munday Huntington.
hire/hyre (n): payment, reward. FS (8); Golding Ovid; Brooke Romeus; Watson Hek (POETRY); Lodge Wounds; Kyd Sol&Pers; (anon.) Dainty Devices, Ironside, Willobie.
hoise/hoyse (v): hoist. FS (1-2H6); Golding Ovid; Watson Hek (POETRY); Edwards Dam&Pith; Lyly Campaspe; Nashe Penniless.
jeat (n): probably refers to jet, a form for coal (used for fuel oil?).
leese (v): (1) lose, waste [time, life]. FS (1-Sonnet 5); Golding Ovid; Watson Hek (COMMENTS, POETRY); Edwards Dam&Pith; Gascoigne Supposes; Kyd Sp Tr; (anon.) Geo a Greene. (2) set free, relax. NFS. Cf. Watson Hek, Gascoigne Supposes.
lower/lowre (v): look down, often used with clouds to refer to threatening looks; frown. FS (2H6); Watson Hek (COMMENTS, POETRY.
mickle (a): little. FS (6-2H6, 1H6, Errors, R&J, H5, PP); Golding Ovid; Watson Hek (POETRY); Lodge Wounds; Greene G a G, Alphonsus, James IV; Marlowe/Nashe Dido; (anon.) Woodstock; Munday Huntington.
moult: molt/melt. NFS. Cf. Watson Hek (POETRY).
mum (n): silence. FS (Ado). mummer (n): performer in a dumb show, mime. FS (Cor). mumble-news (n): prattler. FS (LLL). mumming (a): silent, possibly play-acting. NFS. Cf. Watson Hek (1st OED citation).
orient (a): shining [used with pearl]. FS (4-Rich3, MND, V&A, Sonnet 10); Watson Hek (POETRY); Lyly Endymion; (anon.) Dodypoll
pack/be packing (v): begone, depart. FS (5-Shrew, MV, MWW, Timon, PP); Edwards Dam&Pith; Watson Hek (POETRY); Greene Alphonsus, James IV; (anon.) Willobie. 1st 2 OED citations: 1508 Kennedie Flyting w. Dunbar; 1601 Chester Love's Mart.
percase (adv): perhaps. NFS. Cf. Watson Hek (Commendation by Bucke); Gascoigne Jocasta, Supposes; Harvey Pierce's Super.
pine, pine away (v): starve, waste away. FS (10+); Golding Ovid; Oxford poems; Watson Hek (POETRY); many others.
platane (n): low broad-leafed plant. The hosta is a member of this family.
polt-foot (n): club foot. NFS. Cf. Lyly Euphues, Intro to Watson Hek; Greene Menaphon; Nashe Almond, Summers.
prick (n): mark. FS (many); Golding Ovid; Watson Hek (COMMENTS, POETRY); Greene Fr Bac.
recks (v): heeds, considers. FS (4-AsYou, Ham, Cymb, T&C); Watson Hek (POETRY).
sentential (a) containing, or of the nature of, "sentences" or maxims. NFS. Cf. Watson Hek (COMMENTS); 1st OED citation: 1475 Ashby Active Policy 51 Right so though I haue not seien scripture Of many bookes right sentenciall [etc.].
shiver (n, v): splinter. FS (3-Rich2, Lear, Troilus); Golding Ovid; Gascoigne Jocasta; Watson Hek (POETRY); Lyly Campaspe, Endymion; Nashe Astrophel.
souse/sowse (v): swoop. FS (1-John); Golding Ovid; Watson Hek (POETRY).
tickle [state] (a): excitable, changeable, unreliable. FS (2-2H6, MM); Watson Hek (POETRY); Gascoigne Sonnet in Praise ...; Lodge Wounds; Kyd Cornelia, Sol&Per.
tire/tyre (v): tear flesh, as a hawk. FS (2-3H6, V&A); Golding Ovid; Watson Hek (POETRY); Lodge Catharos; Marlowe T1; Lyly Midas; (anon.) Leic Gh.
transilition (n): The action of leaping over or skipping; omission of intermediate numbers. NFS. Cf. Watson Hek (COMMENTS, only OED citation).
turle (v): turn by rolling. NFS. Cf. Golding Ovid; Watson Hek (POETRY, OED 2d use).
weeds/weede (n): clothing. FS (many); Golding Ovid; Watson Hek; many others.
wight (n): living being. FS (8-H5, LLL, MWW, Pericles, Oth); Golding Ovid, Abraham; Oxford poem; Watson Hek (POETRY); many others.
wistly [watching] (adv): quietly, intently. FS (4-Rich2, Lucrece, &A, PP); Golding Ovid; Watson Hek (POETRY); (anon.) Arden.
won/wunne (v): live in, remain. NFS. Cf. Golding Ovid;Watson Hek (POETRY); Sidney Arcadia; Greene James IV.
To the Reader 554
Comments (Oxford) 8019
Grand total 22856 words
Arber, Edward, ed. Thomas Watson's Poems. London: King's College, 1870.
Graves, Robert. The Greek Myths. New York: Penguin Books (2 vol.), 1955.
Dana F. Sutton, ed. The Complete Works of Thomas Watson. Studies in Renaissance Literature (Vol. 13, Part 1).
APPENDIX II: Connections
Tongues ... Poisoned
Golding Ovid Met. (II.970): And all bevenomed was her tongue. No sleep her eyes had seen.
Watson Hek (Dedication to Oxford): or the poison of evil-edged tongues
Shakes 3H6 (I.4.112): Whose tongue more poisons than the adder's tooth!
Hamlet (I.5.35): A serpent stung me.
Oth (III.3.451): For 'tis of aspics' tongues.
Anon. Ironside (V.1.37) EDM: His sight, his breath, his fell infectious tongue / is venomer than is the Basilisk's.
Willobie (To constant Ladies): many men in these days / whose tongues are tipped with poison
(L.3): In greenest grass the winding snake, / With poisoned sting is soonest found,
A coward's tongue makes greatest crack, / emptiest cask yields greatest sound,
L Gh (286-87): Use virtue as an antidote most strong
Against the poison of a venomed tongue.
Greene's Groat (628-29): The Viper's tooth is not so venomous,
The Adder's tongue not half so dangerous,
Geneva Bible Ps. 140.3: They have sharpened their tongues like a serpent: adder's poison is under their lips
Love ... Fond
Golding Abraham (779) ABR: Hence flesh, hence fond affections everychone:
Watson Hek (I): Wherein fond love is wrapt, and works deceit:
(XXVI) To whom fond love doth work such wrongs by day,
(LXXXVI) ... yet he liked nothing less than such fond Love
Whose liberty fond Love doth once deface.
(LXXXVII) I'll scorn Fond Love, and practice of the same:
Greene James IV (I.1.169): ... Fond love, vile lust, that thus misleads us men,
Fr Bac (V.1.34): Farewell, oh love; and with fond love, farewell,
Shakes TGV (IV.4) JULIA: ... If this fond Love were not a blinded god?
Edw3 (II.1) KING EDW: With reason and reproof fond love a way.
V&A (169): Fie, fie, fond love, thou art so full of fear
Oth (III.3) OTHELLO: ... All my fond love thus do I blow to heaven.
Yoke ... Necks (stubborn)
Golding Ovid Met. (VII.279): And caused their unwieldy necks the bended yoke to take.
Watson Hek(I): Cupid hath clapt a yoke upon my neck,
Lyly Campaspe (I.1.42-43) TIMOCLEA: We are here now captives, whose necks are yoked by force but whose / hearts cannot yield by death.
Sapho (I.1.35-36): I will yoke the neck that never bowed, ...
Anon. Woodstock (I.1.55) LANC: Would not throw off their vild and servile yoke
(II.1.512) KING: but time shall come, when we shall yoke their necks.
(II.1) TRESILIAN: and hath shook off the servile yoke of mean protectorship.
Ironside (I.1.108-09) 1 COUNTRY: We then did yoke the Saxons and compelled their stubborn necks to ear the fallow fields.
(I.1.135-41) USKA: a generation like the chosen Jews: stubborn, unwieldy, fierce and wild to tame, scorning to be compelled against their wills, abhorring servitude as having felt the overloading burden of the same.
Leic. Gh. (179-180): As Numa, when he first did seek to draw / The Roman people underneath his yoke,
Shakes 1H6 (II.3.63) yoketh your rebellious necks
Edward III (I.1.) KING EDW: Able to yoke their stubborn necks with steel
Geneva Bible Exodus 33.3-5: For the Lord had said unto Moses, Say unto the children of Israel, Ye are a stiffnecked people, I will come up suddenly upon thee, and consume thee: therefore now thy costly raiment from thee, that I may know what to do unto thee.
Deut. 31.27, 2 Chron. 36.13, Pss. 75.5, Jer. 17.23, Bar. 2.33
Word Games: Fair is foul and foul is fair
Brooke Romeus (1562)
Hath found a mayde so fayre (he found so foul his happe) (57)
No lady fayre or foul, was in Verona towne (159)
That Ladies thought the fairest dames were foul in his respect. (178)
Watson Hek (I) But now (alas) all's foul, which then was fair,
Lyly: Campaspe (II.2) HEPH. Ermines have fair skins but foul livers, women fair faces but false hearts.
(III.3) CAMPASPE. A fair woman -- but a foul deceit.
(IV.1) PSYL. I will not lose the sight of so fair a fowl as Diogenes is ...
(V.3) LAIS. ... to make foul scars in fair faces and crooked maim in straight legs?
This wordplay is also seen in Lyly's Sapho and Phao (three uses),
Gallathea (one use), Midas (one use), Mother Bombie ( three uses).
Anon. Dodypoll: To make fair mends for this foul trespass done, / What a foul knave and fairy!
Marlowe Tamberlaine I: ÒFair is too foul.Ó
Jonson, Bartholemew Fair
Shakes 3 Henry VI, Love's Labour's Lost, Much Ado About Nothing, Cymbeline, Othello, Timon of Athens, Venus and Adonis, The Rape of Lucrece, and especially notable in:
Macbeth (I.i) AL:. Fair is foul, and foul is fair: / Hover through the fog and filthy air.
(I.iii) MACBETH. So foul and fair a day I have not seen.
Sonnet 137: ... Or mine eyes seeing this, say this is not, / To put fair truth upon so foul a face?
Shaheen quotes the proverb cited in Tilley (F3): "Fair face foul heart" Thus it seems likely that this favorite of Shakespeare and his associates arose within the text of a common proverb.
Love ... Music
Watson Hek (XII): Through music's help love hath increas'd his might;
Anon. Dodypoll (III.3.47): For music is the sweetest chime for love.
Shakes Edw3 (II.1) K. EDWARD: ... To music every summer-leaping swain
Compares his sunburnt lover when she speaks.
12th (I.1.1): If music be the food of love, play on, ...
Love ... Prick
Watson Hek (XVI): He feel the prick, that seeks to pluck the Rose.
Shakes R&J (I.4) MER: Prick love for pricking, and you beat love down.
ROMEO: Is love a tender thing? it is too rough, / Too rude, too boisterous, and it pricks like thorn.
Sonnet (20): But since she prick'd thee out for women's pleasure,
Mine be thy love and thy love's use their treasure.
Anon. Dodypoll (I.1.77-78): What thing is love? ... It is a prick, ...
Lust ... Idleness
Golding Ovid Met. (Epi. 113-14): Hermaphrodite and Salmacis declare that idleness Is chiefest nurse and cherisher of all voluptuousness,
Watson Hek (XVIII): A Labyrinth of doubts; an idle lust;
Nashe Summers (1314) WINTER: Sprung all, as vices, of this Idleness; ...
Geneva Bible (located by Willobie note) 2 Sam. 11.2-4 ... David arose out of his bed, and walked upon the Kings palace: and from the roof he saw a woman washing herself and the woman was very beautiful to look upon. ... Then David sent messengers, and took her away ...
Anon. Willobie (L.4): If wandering rages have possest / Your roving mind at random bent;
If idle qualms from too much rest; / Fond fancies to you lust have sent:
Cut off the cause that breeds your smart, / Then will your sickness soon depart.
Note: Idleness the mother of all foolish wanness. David being idle fell to strange lust.
Queritur Egistus, quare sit factus Adulter.
Secret, hidden hooks/bait ... fish
Brooke Romeus (388): As oft the poisoned hook is hid, wrapped in the pleasant bait?
Golding Ovid Met (XV.530): Ne with deceitful baited hook seek fishes for to win.
Watson Hek (XVIII): A bait for fools; a scourge of noble wits;
(LXXIIII): ... By secret bait how beauty forceth love.
(XCVIIII): A Poison'd choking Bait; a Ticing Grief;
Shakes 1H4 (II.4) FALSTAFF: My own knee! when I was about thy years, Hal, I was ...
devil his true liegeman upon the cross of a Welsh / hook--what a plague call you him?
Much Ado (II.3) CLAUDIO: Bait the hook well; this fish will bite.
MM (II.2) ANGELO: ~~~ From thee, even from thy virtue! ...
O cunning enemy, that, to catch a saint, / With saints dost bait thy hook! Most dangerous
Cymb (V.5) IACHIMO: ... Loves woman for, besides that hook of wiving, ...
A&C (II.5) CLEOPATRA: ... my bended hook shall pierce / Their slimy jaws; ...
CHARMIAN: Twas merry when / You wager'd on your angling; when your diver
Did hang a salt-fish on his hook, which he / With fervency drew up.
Anon Greene's Groat (176-77): ... regard not beauty, it is but a bait to entice thy neighbors eye.
Willobie (III.5): Oft shrouds the hook of most deceit.
(XIV.1): Thine eyes are like to baited hooks?
(XV.4): Yet shall it prove no baited hook
(XXVII.5): To trust the trains of hidden hook,
(LII.1): Finds death unwares in secret hooks.
(LXI.1): The slimy fish about the bait, still wavering doth lie
Penelope (IX.6): To trust to beauty's hidden hooks?
Leic Gh. (594): Yet many men have laid their secret baits
Sea of grief/tears
Watson Hek (XVIII): A sea of tears; an ever-lasting strife;
(XCVIII): A Sea of tears; a lasting Lunacy;
Marlowe T2 (III.2.48) CALYPHAS:ÊIf I had wept a sea of tears for her,
Anon. Locrine (IV.1.103-04): Hard is their fall who, from a golden crown,
Are cast into a sea of wretchedness.
Willobie (Res.12): No Seas of grief, ne cares that I could find,
Could so prevail to make me change my mind.
Shakes Lucrece (158): So she, deep-drenched in a sea of care,
Hamlet (III.1) HAMLET: Or to take arms against a sea of troubles,
Note: Shaheen (Tragedies, 101) points out that the common phrase "sea of troubles", used in the homily "On the State of Matrimony" and in the sermons of Harry Smith, is found as far back as Aeschylus' The Persians.
End ... Life
Brooke Romeus (2026: Will bring the end of all her cares by ending careful life.
Ovid Ovid Met. (XIV.156: Eternal and of worldly life I should none end have seen,
Gascoigne Jocasta (III.1.262) MENECEUS: Brings quiet end to this unquiet life.
(V.2.27) CREON: What hapless end thy life alas hath hent.
I loathe not life, nor dread my end.
Oxford poetry (My mind to me a kingdom is): I loathe not life, nor dread my end.
Watson Hek (XXXVI, comment): abandoning all further desire of life,
hath in request untimely death, as the only end of his infelicity.
Lyly Endymion (I.2) TELLUS: Ah Floscula, thou rendest my heart in sunder,
in putting me in remembrance of the end.
FLOSCULA: Why, if this be not the end, all the rest is to no end.
(II.1) TELLUS: She shall have an end.
ENDYMION: So shall the world.
Kyd Sp Tr (III.13.8-11) HIERONIMO: For evils unto ills conductors be,
And death's the worst of resolution. / For he that thinks with patience to contend
To quiet life, his life shall easily end.
Sol&Per (V.2.120) SOLIMAN: So let their treasons with their lives have end.
Shakes Lucrece (1208): My life's foul deed, my life's fair end shall free it.
Anon. Willobie (III.4): That is to lead a filthy life, / Whereon attends a fearful end:
Geneva Bible Wisdom 5.4 We fools thought his life madness, and his end without honor; Ecclus. 11.27: In a man's end, his works are discovered; Job 34.3
Stone ... Roll
Golding Ovid Met. (IV.569-70): There also labored Sisyphus that drave against the hill
A rolling stone that from the top came tumbling downward still.
(X.48-49): ... and down sat Sisyphus upon / His rolling stone.
Oxford poem (#XVII If care or skill ...): My hapless hap doth roll the restless stone.
Watson Hek (LXII): [Comment] Sisyphus rolleth a great round stone up
a steep hill, which being once at the top presently falleth down amain.
[Verse] By fear, like Sisyphus I labor still
To turle a rolling stone against the hill,
Kyd Sp Tr (I.1.316-18)VICEROY: What help can be expected at her hands,
Whose foot is standing on a rolling stone / and mind more mutable than fickle winds?
(IV.1.528-29) GHOST: Let Serberine go roll the fatal stone, / And take from Sisyphus his endless moan;
Greene Orl Fur (II.2.71) ORLANDO: The rolling stone, the tubs of the Belides --
Shakes H5 (III.6) PISTOL: Bardolph, a soldier, firm and sound of heart,
And of buxom valor, hath, by cruel fate, / And giddy Fortune's furious fickle wheel,
That goddess blind, / That stands upon the rolling restless stone--
H8 (V.3) SUFF: ... When ye first put this dangerous stone a-rolling, / 'Twould fall upon ourselves.
Anon. Locrine (III.2.50) HUBBA: Or roll the stone with wretched Sisiphos.
Ironside (770) EDRICUS: ... for else in time you might dismount the queen
and throw her headlong from her rolling stone / and take her whirling wheel into your hand.
(1062-63) CANUTUS: What tell'st thou me of Fortune and her frowns, / of her sour visage and her rolling stone?
Willobie (LVI.2): To roll the stone that turns again.
(LVII.3): And shall I roll the restless stone?
Geneva Bible 1 Sam. 14.33 ... Ye have transgressed: roll a great stone unto me this day (No Match, NEAR, between 14.27, 37).
Prov. 26.27 Whoso diggeth a pit shall fall therein: and he that rolleth a stone, it will return upon him. (No Match)
Any use may possibly refer to the classical myth of Sisyphus
A number of new Testament roll ... stone finds seem inappropriate.
Most of the examples below refer to the classical/pagan rolling stone of Fortune/Fate, or to the mythological punishment of Sisyphus.
Brooke Romeus (2123): When love and fond desire were boiling in my breast,
Golding Ovid (Ep.130): ... But pride and fond desire of praise have ever wrought ...
(VI.61): And through a fond desire / Of glory, to her own decay ...
(VIII.89): ... For fortune works against the fond desire ...
(VIII.302): ... Of fond desire to fly to Heaven, above his bounds he stied.
(IX.744-45): ... is much as in respect / My fond desire to satisfy, and little in effect
Oxford: Poem FOND DESIRE.
Watson Hek (LXIIII): Whom love doth force to follow fond desire ...
Which fond desire no counsel can remove;
(LXXIX): And fond desire doth overmaster will:
(XCI): You suffer now by forced fond desire:
Gascoigne ... Jocasta (Epi): O fond desire of princely ...
Lyly Gallathea (I.3) MELEBEUS: ... suffering thee to perish by a fond desire ...
Shakes TGV (I.1)VAL: Thou art a votary to fond desire.
Lucrece (45): ... But his hot heart, which fond desire doth scorch,
Greene (Prince's Sonnet.7): The boy waxy bold, fired by fond desire (in poem)
Anon. Willobie (III.10): The root of woe is fond desire, ...
(XXIII.4): To daunt the qualms of fond desire,
Penelope (XIV.5): My lightness breeds their fond desire
Vain ... strive
Golding Ovid Met. (VII.13): In vain, Medea, dost thou strive: some God whatere he is
(VIII.183): In vain thou striveth, O thou churl, forgetful quite of my
Gascoygne ... Jocasta (I.1.71) SERVUS: In vain (too vain) man strives / against the heavens.
Watson Hek (LIX): Which reason strives to vanquish all in vain;
(XII.503): And laboring for to speak his last he did but strive in vain.
Greene Alphonsus (I.1.37) CARINUS: In vain it is to strive against the stream:
(III.3.91) MEDEA: In vain it is to strive against the stream:
Fr Bac (II.2.57) PRINCE: I strive in vain; ..
Marlowe T2 (V.3.121) TAMB: In vain I strive and rail against those powers,
Edw2 (V.3.33) MATREVIS:ÊÊWhy strive you thus? Your labor is in vain.
(V.3.35) EDWARD: But all in vain; so vainly do I strive
Anon. Willobie (XI.2): You strive in vain, by raging lust,
(XLI.1): I marvel that you strive in vain
(LXIV.3): Then if you strive and stir in vain,
Arden (V.I.262) ALICE: In vain we strive, for here his blood remains.
L Gh (91): My father strived in vain to keep her down,
(287): It is in vain to strive against the stream;
(590): But thus it chanced that he strived in vain
Shakes Lucrece (238): But, wretched as he is, he strives in vain;
Paradise ... Prison
Watson Hek (LXXII): This prison at the first did please him well,
And seem'd to be some earthly Paradise,
Shakes Errors (IV.3) DRO/SYR: Not that Adam that kept the Paradise
but that Adam / that keeps the prison: ...
Greene Orl Fur (II.1.145-46) SHEPHERD: The heaven of love is but a pleasant hell,
Where none but foolish-wise imprisoned dwell.
Anon. Dodypoll (III.1) Lassin: For, were I shut in paradise itself
I should as from a prison strive t'escape.
Geneva Bible Genesis 2-3
Fortune ... spite/friend
Brooke Romeus (2745): Where spiteful Fortune hath appointed thee to be
Golding Ovid Met. (VII.580): But that there followed in the nick a piece of fortune's spite.
Gascoigne et al Jocasta (I.1.43) CHORUS: That now complains of fortune's cruel spite.
Supposes (II.3) DAMON: oh spiteful fortune, thou doest me wrong I think,
Watson Hek (LXXXVII): My song shall be; Fortune hath spit her spite,
Greene G a G (I.4.50) BETTRIS: Oh lovely George, fortune be still thy friend!
(II.3.3) GEORGE: And fancy, being checked by fortune's spite,
Shakes 3H6 (IV.7): Therefore, that I may conquer fortune's spite
AWEW (V.2): ... let the justices make you and fortune friends:
Sonnet (37): So I, made lame by fortune's dearest spite,
Sonnet (90): Join with the spite of fortune, make me bow,
Anon. Locrine (II.4.41) ALBA: By Humber's treacheries and fortune's spites.
Willobie (III.7): And fortuneÕs friends, felt fortuneÕs spite:
L Gh. (1358): Received his deadly wound through fortune's spite;
(1667): Even so, when Fortune, through my foes' despite,
Play the fool
Oxford Poem (If women could be fair): And then we say when we their fancy try,
To play with fools, O what a fool was I
Watson Hek (LXVIII): I sat in Folly's ship, and play'd the fool,
(XCV): Or once again will play the loving fool,
Shakes MV (I.1) GRATIANO: Let me play the fool: ...
But fish not, with this melancholy bait, / For this fool gudgeon, this opinion. ...
(III.5) LORENZO: How every fool can play upon the word!
12th (III.1) VIOLA: This fellow is wise enough to play the fool
Hamlet (III.1) HAMLET: Let the doors be shut upon him, that he may play the
fool no where but in's own house.
AWEW (II.2) COUNTESS: I play the noble housewife with the time
To entertain't so merrily with a fool.
Joy ... Care
Brooke Romeus (1906) Of me your child (your jewel once, your only joy and care),
Golding Ovid Met. (II.797): And as the burthen brought some care the honor brought him joy.
Oxford poem (The trickling tears...): She is my joy, she is my care and woe;
Edwards Dam&Pith (891) DAMON: In whom my joy, my care, and life doth only remain.
Watson Hek. (XCIII): When others joy'd, to cares I did incline,
Anon. Locrine (IV.1.102): One dram of joy, must have a pound of care.
Watson Hek (XIX/comment): he crieth out upon the secret nature and quality of Love
Anon. Willobie (Resolution.2): Where secret nature frames a sweet consent,
Love ... Pity
Brooke Romeus (517): Now love and pity boil in Juliet's ruthful breast,
Watson Hek (XXII): Why then, sweet Love, take pity on my pain,
(LVII. Comment): which pity his estate in Love
Lyly Woman/Moon [III.2.120] LEARCHUS: ... pity my state.
Make me thy love, though Stesias be thy choice; / And I instead of love will honor thee.
Anon. Woodstock (IV.2) CYNTHIA: a faithful prince and peer that
keeps a court of love and pity here.
Locrine (IV.1.149) ESTRILD: By thy right hand and by thy burning love,
Take pity on poor Estrild's wretched thrall.
Nobody (887-89) ELIDURE: Alas, if pity could procure your good,
Instead of water, I'd weep tears of blood, / To express both love and pity...
Dodypoll (III.3): Long since I pitied her, pity breeds love, ...
Cromwell (II.3.29-30): BAGOT: Sir, sir, you speak out of your love,
Tis foolish love, sir, sure, to pity him:
Shakes Troilus (IV.3) PARIS: I know what 'tis to love;
And would, as I shall pity, I could help!
Sonnet (112): our love and pity doth the impression fill
Golding Ovid Met.(III.617): Did he consume and melt away with Cupid's secret fire.
(V.533): Until she melting into tears consumed away with smart.
Brooke, Romeus (106): Doth make thee thus consume away the / best part of thine age,
Oxford poem: Ev'n as the wax doth melt, or dew consume away
Before the sun, so I, behold, through careful thoughts decay;
Watson Hek (Comment: XXV): ... her own miserable estate in / daily consuming away ...
(XXVIII): ... Whose hearts by Love once quite consum'd away, ...
(XLVIII): Where so his willful wings consume away,
Shakes John (IV.1) ARTHUR: Nay, after that, consume away in rust
Much Ado (III.1) HERO: Consume away in sighs, waste inwardly:
Echo Verses: Earl of Oxford: Oxford's Echo Verses have little structural relationship to the "Passion" above, beyond the conceit of a repetitive "echo". The text can be found in Looney.
See also Lodge Wounds of Civil War, where a similar echo is worked into a solo onstage sequence.
Golding Abraham (Pro.13): That both of us our labor lose togither.
Watson Hek (XXVI): Since labor breeds but loss, and lets me starve;
(XXXI): For if he do, his labor is but lost,
Kyd Sp Tr (II.1.18): And being worthless, all my labor's lost.
Greene James 4 (II.1.200) ATEUKIN: I see this labor lost, my hope in vain;
Shakes Play title Love's Labours Lost
3Henry6 (III.1) HENRY VI: ... Poor queen and son, your labour is but lost; ...
TGV (I.1) VAL: ... If lost, why then a grievous labour won;
SPEED: Ay sir: I, a lost mutton, gave your letter to her,
a laced mutton, and she, a laced mutton, gave me, a / lost mutton, nothing for my labour.
MV (II.7) MOROCCO: ... Cold, indeed; and labour lost:
AWEW (III.5) WIDOW: We have lost our labour; they are gone a contrary / way ...
WT (IV.4) AUTOLYCUS: Age, thou hast lost thy labour.
Anon. Arden (IV.3.16) WILL: My life for thine, 'twas Arden and his companion,
and then all our labor's lost.
Willobie (XVI.1): Assure yourself your labor's lost.
(XXVIII.5): The labor's lost that you endure,
(XXXIX.3): Your labor's lost, your hope is vain.
Legal term: Case stands
Brooke Romeus (1696): The tidings of your health and how your doubtful case shall stand;
Edwards Dam&Pith (1256) GRIM: Good fellows, believe me, as the case now stands ...,
(1600) PITHIAS: Let me have no wrong. As now stands the case
Golding Abraham (Pro.22): Were as you be not, now as stands the case.
(341) SHEPHERDS SONG: Because, as stood the case,
Watson Hek (XXXVI): My letters tell in what a case I stand,
Kyd Sp Tr (II.1.45) LORENZO: Thus stands the case: It is not long, thou knowest,
Anon. Weakest (XVIII.215) VILLIERS: My Lord of Bulloigne, thus then stands my case,
Shakes 3H6 (IV.5): Were as you be not, now as stands the case.
R&J (III.5) NURSE: Then, since the case so stands as now it doth,
WT (II.3) PAULINA: For, as the case now stands, it is a curse ...
Cymb (I.5) QUEEN: ... The case stands with her; do't as from thyself.
(III.4) IMOGEN: ... yet the traitor / Stands in worse case of woe.
Love Thy Choice
Oxford Sonnet: Love Thy Choice
Watson Hek (XXXVII): Then may I love my peerless choice by right,
Lyly Woman/Moon (III.2.121) LEARCHUS: Make me thy love, though Stesias be thy choice;
Greene James 4 (I.1.78) K. SCOTLAND: Misled by love, hath made another choice --
Shakes Shrew (I.2): That she's the choice love of Signior Gremio.
Anon. Willobie (LII.7): True love is constant in her choice,
Dodypoll (V.2) ALPH: ... go tell her so: / Or let her come, my choice is free in love.
Wit ... Will
Brooke Romeus (2296): And said that she had done right well by wit to order will.
Oxford poem (Fain would I sing): Till Wit have wrought his will on Injury.
Gascoigne et al Jocasta (III.2) MENECEUS: ... Yet evil it were in this / to yield your will.
CREON: Thy wit is wily for to work thy woe.
Watson Hek (XXXVIII): And for whose sake I lost both will and wit,
(LXXVIII): That wit and will to Reason do retire:
Lyly MB (I.3) SPERANTUS: He hath wit at will.
Kyd Sp Tr (IV.3.307) HIERON: Erasto, Soliman saluteth thee,
And lets thee wit by me his Highness' will,
Shakes TGV (II.6.12) PRO: And he wants wit that wants resolved will
To learn his wit t'exchange the bad for better.
LLL (II.1.49-50) MARIA: Is a sharp wit matched with too blunt a will,
Whose edge hath power cut, whose will still wills ...
12th (I.5.29) FESTE: Wit, an't be thy will, put me into good fooling!
Hamlet (I.5.44-46) GHOST: O wicked wit and gifts, that have the power
So to seduce -- won to his shameful lust / The will of my most seeming-virtuous queen.
Corio (II.3.27-28) 3 CIT: Nay your wit will not so soon out as / another man's will, ...
Lucrece (1230:) What wit sets down is blotted straight with will;
Anon. Ironside (V.1.34) EDR: See, see, what wit and will can bring about.
Willobie (XXXII.2): If wit to will, will needs resign,
(LIII.1): If fear and sorrow sharp the wit, / And tip the tongue with sweeter grace,
Then will & style must finely fit, / To paint my grief, and wail my case:
(LVII.5): Can wit enthralled to will retire?
(Auth. Conc. 1): Whom gifts nor wills nor force of wit / Could vanquish once with all their shows:
Penelope (I.4): For what my wit cannot discharge, / My will surely supplies at large.
Nashe Summers (498-99) WINTER: Let him not talk; for he hath words at will,
And wit to make the baddest matter good.
Watson Hek (XXXIX): Conjoin'd with fawning heaps is sore oppress'd,
Kyd Sol&Per (I.3.180) BASILISCO: Better a dog fawn on me than bark.
Shakes 1H6 ((IV.4) SOM: ... And take foul scorn to fawn on him by sending.
3H6 (IV.1, IV.8); Rich3 (I.3); Rich2 (I.3,(III.2,V.1); IH4 (I.3)
Comedies: TGV (III.1); LLL (V.2); MND (II.1); MV (I.3); AsYou (II.7)
Tragedies: JC (I.2, III.1), Ham (III.2); Timon (III.4); Coriolanus (I.6, 3.2)
Poetry: V&As (144); Sonnets (149)
Marlowe Jew /Malta (II.3.20): We jews can fawn like spaniels when we please: ...
Anon. Ironside (1730) EDR: Twas not your highness but some fawning mate
that put mistrust into your grace's head, ...
Willobie (I.16): Disdain of love in fawning face.
(VI.4): A fawning face and faithless heart
(III.5): Whose fawning framed Queen Dido's fall,
(LXIX.2): Whose fawning features did enforce
Anon. Ironside (1730) EDR: Twas not your highness but some fawning mate
that put mistrust into your grace's head, ...
Golding Ovid Met (Ep.60): Of reason's rule continually do live in virtue's law:
Brooke Romeus (1248): With reason's reign to rule the thoughts that rage within her breast.
Gascoigne ... Jocasta (II.1.303) JOCASTA: To tell what reason first his mind did rule,
(II.1.337) POLYNICES: Without respect that reason ought to rule,
Watson Hek (46): That Reason rule the roast and love relent;
(88): I Long maintained war gainst Reason's rule,
Lyly Campaspe (I.3.85-86) ALEX: instruct the young with rules, confirm the old with reasons.
Endymion (I.2.59) TELLUS: ... and of a woman deluded in love to have neither rule nor reason.
Anon. Willobie (XLVI.5) No reason rules, where sorrows plant,
(LVII.5) Can reason rule, where folly bides?
(LXVIII.text): and not able by reason to rule the raging fume of this fantastical fury
Leic. Gh. (1847): That ruleth, not by reason, but by lust,
(2060): Nor ruled so much by reason as by passion,
Shakes Pass Pil (19): Let reason rule things worthy blame,
Hawk ... Haggard (a Shakespeare marker?)
Note: This poem by Watson, or the Latin original, was incredibly influential.
Golding Abraham (680-81): SATAN: My case goes ill. O Cowl we must yet find
Some other way t'assault this haggard's mind.
Oxford poems: The stricken deer hath help to heal his wound,
The haggard hawk with toil is made full tame;
To mark the choice they make, and how they change,
How oft from Phoebus do they flee to Pan,
Unsettled still like haggards wild they range,
These gentle birds that fly from man to man;
Who would not scorn and shake them from the fist
And let them fly fair fools which way they list.
OED cites as first comparisons to women in #Euphues and #Shrew:
Lyly Euphues (Arb.) 114 Foolish and franticke louers, will deeme
my precepts hard, and esteeme my perswasions haggarde.
Watson Hek (XLVII): In time all haggard Hawks will stoop the Lures;
Kyd Sp Tr (ca. 1588) (II.1.4): ... In time all haggard hawks will stoop to lure,
Shakes Shrew (1596) (IV.1) PET: ... My falcon now is sharp and passing empty;
And till she stoop she must not be full-gorged,
For then she never looks upon her lure.
Another way I have to man my haggard,
To make her come and know her keeper's call,
That is, to watch her, as we watch these kites
That bate and beat and will not be obedient. ...
Edw3 (III.5)KING EDW: ... And ever after she'll be haggard-like.
(IV.2) HOR: I will be married to a wealthy widow,
As I have loved this proud disdainful haggard.
Oth (III.3): ... If I do prove her haggard, / Though that her jesses were my dear heartstrings,
I'll whistle her off and let her down the wind, / That comes before his eye. ...
Other early non-female-related OED citations for "haggard": Stanyhurs Aeneas (1583);
Turberville (1567) Epitaphs: Live like a haggard still therefore, and for no luring;
that haggard wise doth love to live;
Nashe, Christ's Tears (1593): Though Christ hold out never so moving
lures unto us, / all of them (haggard-like) we will turn tail to
Anon. Willobie (X.2): In haggard Hawk that mounts so high
(LXIII.1): As haggard loving mirthless coup, / At friendly lure doth check and frown?
Blame not in this the Falconer's skill, / But blame the Hawk's unbridled will.
(LXVII.3): They do but fruitless pain procure / To haggard kites that cast the lure.
(LXXIIII.3): When fish as haggard Hawks shall fly,
(Res.17): Cease then your suits, ye lusty gallants all, / Think not I stoop at every Falconer's call,
Truss up your lures, your luring is in vain, / Chosen is the Perch, whereon I will remain.
Willobie contains many other related hawking terms.
Forged truth (lies, dissimulations)
Brooke Romeus (321): With forged careless cheer, of one he seeks to know,
Golding Ovid Met. (V.13): Upholding that Medusa's death was but a forged lie:
(IX.167): Through false and newly-forged lies that she herself doth sow),
Edwards Dam&Pith (1726): Away, the plague of this court! Thy filed tongue that forged lies
Watson Hek (XLVII): No shower of tears can move, she thinks I forge:
So forge, that I may speed without delay;
Greene Alphonsus (IV.Pro.21) VENUS: Did give such credence to that / forged tale
Kyd Sp Tr (I.2.92) VIL: Thus have I with an envious, forged tale ...
Sol&Per (II.1.117) PER: ... Ah, how thine eyes can forge alluring looks,
Shakes TA (V.2) TAMORA: ... Whate'er I forge to feed his brain-sick fits,
1H6 (III.1) EXETER: Burns under feigned ashes of forged love
(IV.1): VERNON: ... For though he seem with forged quaint conceit
Rich3 (IV.1) FITZ: ... And I will turn thy falsehood to thy heart, / Where it was forged,
Hamlet (I.5) ... the whole ear of Denmark
Is by a forged process of my death / Rankly abused: ...
V&A (132): Love is all truth, Lust full of forged lies.
Sonnet 137: Why of eyes' falsehood hast thou forged hooks, ...
AWEW (IV.1): 2d Lord: ... and then to return and swear the lies he forges.
Othello (IV.2): OTHELLO: I should make very forges of my cheeks, ...
Anon. Ironside (IV.1.101) EDM: not to believe each smooth-face forged tale.
(V.2.83) CANUTUS: Then to confute thy forged argument,
Arden (III.5.56) MOSBY: To forge distressful looks to wound a breast
Oldcastle (Pro.14): Since forged invention former time defaced.
Geneva Bible Pss 119.69, Job 13.4, Ecclus 51.2
Bull ... Savage
Watson Hek (XLVII): In time the Bull is brought to wear the yoke;
In time all haggard Hawks will stoop the Lures;
In time small wedge will cleave the sturdiest Oak;
In time the Marble wears with weakest showers:
More fierce is my sweet love, more hard withal,
Than Beast, or Bird, than Tree or Stony wall.
No yoke prevails, she will not yield to might;
No Lure will cause her stoop, she bears full gorge;
No wedge of woes make print, she recks no right;
No shower of tears can move, she thinks I forge:
Note: Watson cites Seraphine, Sonnet 103 as the original of his translation.
Kyd Sp Tr (II.1.3-8): ... In time the savage bull sustains the yoke,
In time all haggard hawks will stoop to lure,
In time small wedges cleave the hardest oak,
In time the flint is pierced with softest shower;
And she in time will fall from her disdain
And rue the suff'rance of your friendly pain.
Shakes: Much Ado (I.1): ... 'In time the savage bull / doth bear the yoke.'
BEN: The savage bull may; but if ever the sensible / Benedick bear it, ...
(V.4) CLAUD: I think he thinks upon the savage bull. ...
Brimstone ... Fire
Golding Ovid Met (365-66): Like as the lively brimstone doth which dipped about a match,put but softly to the fire, the flame doth lightly catch.
(VIII.341): And thrice with brimstone, thrice with fire, and thrice with water pure
(XV.375-76): Mount Aetna with his burning ovens of brimstone shall not bide / Ay fiery: .386): Or brimstone mixed with clayish soil on fire doth lightly fall,
Watson Hek (LVIII.comment): the fire being maintained with a vein of brimstone,
Peele Wives (258-59) HUAN: to seek thy fortune among brazen gates, towers, fire and brimstone, thunder and lightning?
Nashe Penniless: they may make Ruffians' hall of Hell: and there, bandy balls of Brimstone at one another's head, ...
Anon. Willobie (XXXI.4): You first inflamed my brimstone thought,. Gh. (1006): Whose town with fire and brimstone was combust,
Shakes 12th (II.5.50) Fire and brimstone!
(III.2) FABIAN: ... to put fire in your heart and brimstone in your liver.
Oth (IV.1) OTH: Fire and brimstone!
Geneva Bible Rev. 19.20 ... cast into a lake of fire, burning with brimstone, Rev. 21.8 ... the lake, which burneth with fire and brimstone, which is the second death . Ps. 11.6 he shall rain shares, fire, and brimstone, ...
Brooke Romeus (495): In ruth and in disdain I weary of my life,
Golding Ovid Met. (VII.697-98): to yield / His weary life without renown of combat in the field.
(X.735): But that thou wilt be weary of thy life, die: do not spare.
Gascoigne ... Jocasta (II.1.132) POLY: What weary life my loving sisters lead,
(III.5) O weary life, why bidest thou in my breast
Oxford (letter 4-27-76, to Lord Burghley): I mean not to weary my life any more
(letter 5-18-91, to Lord Burghley): I am weary of an unsettled life
Watson Hek (L): or if he fail, upon death to cut off his wearisome life
(LX): Of this my weary Life no day shall fall,
Kyd Sol&Per (II.2.76) BASILISCO: Why, art thou weary of thy life?
Marlowe T2 (III.2.19) TECH: Nay Captain, thou art weary of thy life,
Greene James IV (IV.4.5) QUEEN: Oh weary life, where wanteth no distress,
Shakes: 1H6 (I.2.26): He fighteth as one weary of his life;
AsYou; Ham; JC; H8
Anon. Woodstock (III.3.154-55): whoever are weary of their lives ...
(V.5.13) TRESILIAN: and so, unknown, prolong my weary life
Arden (I.1.9): ARDEN: Franklin, thy love prolongs my weary life;
Dodypoll (IV.3): O weary of the way and of my life,
Nobody/Somebody (393-94) SOME: Do what thou wilt, before we end this strife,
I'll make thee ten times weary of thy life.
(1634) MARTIANUS: Who now in prison leads a wearied life,
Penelope (XXIV.1): If by this means he do miscarry, / then of my life shall I be weary.
Geneva Bible: Gen. 27.46 I am weary of my life, Wisd. 2.1, Ps. 90.9 (No Match). Biblical origin is dubious.
Root of woe
Watson Hek (LI): Why then, since too much love can breed offense,
Thou dang'rous Bird, the root of my desire,
Anon. Willobie (III.10): The root of woe is fond desire,
Partners ... Woes
Brooke Romeus (104): That he was fellow of his smart and partner of his care.
(1245): Now choose to have me here a partner of your pain,
(1428): Or else to please thy hateful foes, be partner of their smart?
Golding Ovid Met. (XIV.28): I force no end. I would have her be partner of my smart.
Watson Hek (LI): And wants not some Compartners of his grief:
Anon. Ironside (I.5.65) EDRICUS: we close our eyes as partners of your woes,
(III.5.50) EDRICUS: we are all partners of your private griefs;
Nobody (1748) ELIDURE: Partner in all my sorrows and my joys;
Dodypoll (III.5) FLORES: The living partner of your strange mishaps,
Weakest (VII.124) ORIANA: But to have partners in their misery.
Shakes 1H6 (III.2) BEDFORD: And will be partner of your weal or woe.
JC (III.2) ANTONY: What private griefs than have, ...
Lucrece (113): So should I have co-partners in my pain;
And fellowship in woe doth woe assuage,
God: Mighty hand
Brooke Romeus (2905): Whose mighty hand doth wield them in their violent sway,
Golding Ovid Met. (II.626): But God almighty held his hand; and lifting both away,
(V.465): And he that rules the powers on Earth obey thy mighty hand;
Watson Hek (LVII): Persuade yourselves, Love hath a mighty hand, (matches Deut. 7.8)
Marlowe T1 (II.5.4) TAMB: Even by the mighty hand of Tamburlaine,
(V.1) SULTAN: Mighty hath God and Mahomet made thy hand
Note: Many lines seem to equate the power of Tamburlaine withthat of God, using familiar Biblical allusions (including the phrase mighty arm twice in T1).
Anon. Woodstock (V.4.440-41) KING: and that almighty hand permits not
murder unrevenged to stand.
Willobie (IX.2) On worldly fear, you think I stand,
Or fame that may my shame resound, / No Sir, I fear his mighty hand, ...
Geneva Bible Deut. 7.8 ... the Lordhath brought you out by a mighty hand and delivered you out of the house of bondage from the hand of Pharaoh King of Egypt.
Deut. 4.34 ... and by a mighty hand, and by a stretched out arm, and by great fear, according unto all that the Lord your God did unto you in Egypt...
Deut. 19 2.The great temptations which thine eyes saw, ... and the mighty hand, ... so shall the LORD thy God do unto all the people of whom thou art afraid.
Other Biblical uses of "mighty hand" omit the factors of fear and temptation. Gen. 49.24; Exod. 3.19 ; Exod. 32.11;,Deut. 3.24, 5.15, 6.21, 7.8. 9.26, 11.42, 26.40, 34.12; 2 Chron. 6.32; Ezek. 20.33, 34; 1 Esdras 8.47; 8.61; 1 Pet. 5.6
Golding Ovid (Ep. 338-341): And yet there are (and those not of the rude and vulgar sort,
But such as have of godliness and learning good report)
That think the Poets took their first occasion of these things
From holy writ as from the well from whence all wisdom springs.
Watson Hek (Comments, #LXI): That the vulgar sort may the better
understand this Passion, I will briefly touch those, whom the Author / nameth herein, ...
Gascoigne ... Jocasta (I.1.487) CHORUS: The vulgar sort would seem for to prefer,
If glorious PhÏbe withhold his glistring rays, / From such a peer as crown and scepter sways,
Lyly Endymion (I.3.73) TOPHAS: Here is the musket for the untamed
or (as the vulgar sort term it) the wild mallard.
Shakes 1H6 (III.2) JOAN: These are the city gates, the gates of Rouen,
Through which our policy must make a breach: / Take heed, be wary how you place your words;
Talk like the vulgar sort of market men / That come to gather money for their corn.
Nashe Pierce Penniless: Thus I answer First and foremost, they have cleansed our language from barbarism and made the vulgar sort here in London (which is the fountain whose rivers flow round about England) to aspire to a richer purity of speech, than is communi-cated with the Commonality of any Nation under heaven.
Anon. Willobie (VIII.6) Let not the idle vulgar voice / Of feigned credit witch thee so.
Oldcastle (I.1.112) JUDGE: When the vulgar sort
Sit on their Ale-bench, with their cups and ...
Leic Gh (829-833): But flattering parasites are grown so bold
That they of princes' matters make a sport / To please the humors of the vulgar sort,
And that poor peevish giddy headed crew, / Are prone to credit any tale untrue.
Note: Shakespeare himself was one of the "vulgar sort," or market men, that come to gather money for their corn; and a very successful one at that, reaping large profits from holding back stores of grain and then selling at a huge profit during the grain shortages of the early 1600's, while writing #Coriolanus, inveighing against that very practice. Shakespeare (through denial or ignorance of his own class) gives this speech to the highly inappropriate person of Saint Joan, the last person by birth, upbringing or temperament to harbor such thoughts. In the other works shown above, the speech is assigned to an appropriate character.
Framed ... Forlorn ... Miseries
Oxford poem: Fram'd in the front of forlorn hope, past all recovery
Watson (LXXXII/pyramid sonnet): So frames it with me now, that I confess
The life I led in Love devoid of rest / It was a Hell, where none felt more than I,
Nor any with like miseries forlorn.
Anon. Locrine (V.4.103) LOCRINE: Framed in the front of forlorn miseries!
Alliteration: Griping griefs
Although the OED cites the word "griping" as unique in this phrase, it seems possible that this is a spelling variation of "gripping", rendering an identical meaning.
Bible/Metrical Version of Ps. 30.5-6 (1549) Where griping grief the heart would wound.
Edwards Paradise of Daintie Devices (53): Where griping grief the heart would wound ...
Note: Oxford was a major contributor to the Paradise of ...., possibly the publisher.
(See Looney, Vol. 1, pp. 547-48 ff.)
Damon and Pithias (612): Grip me you greedy griefs, ...
Watson Hek (LXXXV): Held Griping Grief the piked Anchor fast; ...
Shakes R&J (IV.5.126): When griping griefs the heart doth wound, ...
Anon. Willobie (LVII.2): The griping grief, and grievous groan,
(LXIII.2): And griping griefs do still renew:
Quiet ... State
Golding Ovid Met. (II.482): My lot (quoth he) hath had enough of this unquiet state
Gascoigne et al Jocasta (I.1.460) CHORUS: What careful toil to quiet state it brings,
(II.2) CHORUS: Of our estate that erst in quiet stood.
(IV.1.317) CREON: A quiet end of her unquiet state.
Watson Hek I (XCVI): live secure and quiet in estate,
Anon. Ironside (I.1.28) CANUTUS: I plant you in your former quiet states.
Nashe Summers (1316) WINTER: But living loosely in a quiet state,
Edwards Dam&Pith (1101) WILL: It is some brain-sick villain, I durst lay a penny.
Watson Hek (XCVIII): Love is a Brain-sick boy, and fierce by kind;
Kyd Sp Tr (IV.4.119): And rated me for brain-sick lunacy,
Greene Maidens Dream (Complaint/Religion, 274): The brainsick and / illiterate surmisers, ...
Shakes 2H6 (III.1): Did instigate the bedlam brain-sick duchess
(V.1): Thou mad misleader of thy brain-sick son!
Titus (V.2): Whate'er I forge to feed his brain-sick fits, / Beaten away by brain-sick rude desire.
T&C (II.2): Because Cassandra's mad: her brain-sick raptures
Marlowe Edw2 (I.1.125) MORT: Come uncle, let us leave the brain-sick King
Anon. Willobie (XVIII.3): A brain-sick youth was stricken blind,
Penelope's Complaint (XI.6): Than did the brain-sick doting queen:
(XXI.5): Should match with such a brain-sick boy
(XLIII.2): Which wiser men doth brain-sick make,
L Gh. (1156): What brainsick lightness, and what furious mood
Dust to dust/Nothing to nothing
Watson Heck (C) Resolv'd to dust entomb'd here lieth Love,
Shakes Rich2 (V.3) GLOU: Nor I nor any man that but man is
With nothing shall be pleased, till he be eased / With being nothing.
Ham (V.1) HAMLET: Alexander was buried, / Alexander returneth into dust; the dust is earth
Nashe Summers (256-259) VER: This world is transitory; it was made of nothing, and it must to nothing; wherefore, if we will do the will of our high Creator (whose will it is, that it pass to nothing), we must help to consume it to nothing.
Anon. Locrine (III.1.39) THRAS: Yielded his life and honor to the dust.
Willobie (VIII.8): You were my friend, you were but dust,
L Gh. (2118): Thus, our well-pampered flesh is turned to dust;
(2130-31): Yet now the ragged staff ..., / Is broken, and in dust the bears do lie.
(2222): Till all flesh turn to dust and slimy clay.
(2224): Of this great peer that sleepeth in the dust,
Geneva Bible Gen. 3.19 Thou art dust, and to dust shalt thou return.
Eccles. 3.20 All was of the dust, and all shall return to the dust.
This old device is self-explanatory. Examples are found in (in chronological order) the Earl of Oxford's poetry, Lodge Civil War, Anon. Locrine, Kyd's Spanish Tragedy and Soliman and Perseda, and Shakespeare's Comedy of Errors. Thomas Watson translated a sonnet to illustrate the form, with explanatory comments, presumably by his patron the Earl of Oxford.
Watson Hek (XLI). This Passion is framed upon a somewhat tedious or too much affected continua-tion of that figure in Rhetoric, which of the Greeks is called #paltlsgia or #anadiplosis, of the Latins Reduplicatio; whereof Susenbrotus (if I well remember me) allegeth this example out of Virgil, ...
O Happy men that find no lack in Love
I Love, and lack what most I do desire;
My deep desire no reason can remove;
All reason shuns my breast, that's set on fire;
And so the fire maintains both force and flame,
That force availeth not against the same;
One only help can slake this burning heat,
Which burning heat proceedeth from her face,
Whose face by looks bewitched my conceit,
Through which conceit I live in woeful case;
O woeful case, which hath no end of woe,
Till woes have end by favor of my foe;
And yet my foe maintaineth such a War,
As all her War is nothing else but Peace;
But such a Peace as breedeth secret jar,
Which jar no wit, nor force, nor time can cease;
Yet cease despair: for time by wit, or force,
May force my friendly foe to take remorse.
Oxford Grief of Mind: What plague is greater than the grief of mind?
The grief of mind that eats in every vein;
In every vein that leaves such clots behind;
Such clots behind as breed such bitter pain;
So bitter pain that none shall ever find,
What plague is greater than the grief of mind.
Lodge Wounds (IV.2.64-68): ANT: I wonder why my peasant stays so long,
And with my wonder hasteth on my woe,
And with my woe I am assail'd with fear,
And by my fear await with faintful breath
The final period of my pains by death.
Kyd Sp Tr (I.3.32): My late ambition hath distained my faith;
My breach of faith occasioned bloody wars;
These bloody wars have spent my treasure;
And with my treasure my people's blood;
And with their blood, my joy and best-beloved,
My best-beloved, my sweet and only son.
(II.1.120): And with that sword he fiercely waged war,
And in that war he gave me dang'rous wounds,
And by those wounds he forced me to yield,
And by my yielding I became his slave.
Now in his mouth he carries pleasing words,
Which pleasing words do harbor sweet conceits,
Which sweet conceits are limed with sly deceits,
Which sly deceits smooth Bel-imperia's ears
And through her ears dive down into her heart,
And in her heart set him where I should stand.
Sol&Per (V.2): No, no; my hope full long ago was lost,
And Rhodes itself is lost, or else destroyed;
If not destroyed, yet bound and captivate;
If captivate, then forced from holy faith;
If forced from faith, forever miserable;
For what is misery but want of God?
And God is lost, if faith be over-thrown.
See also opening of III.2.
Anon. Locrine (V.2.25) THRA: Sister, complaints are bootless in this cause;
This open wrong must have an open plague,
This plague must be repaid with grievous war,
This war must finish with Locrine's death;
His death will soon extinguish our complaints.
Shakes Errors (I.2.47-52): She is so hot because the meat is cold.
The meat is cold because you come not home,
You come not home because you have no stomach,
You have no stomach, having broke your fast;
But we, that know what tis to fast and pray,
Are penitent for your default today
APPENDIX III:Vocabulary, Word Formation
Favorite or Distinctive Words, Expressions (INTRO AND/OR POETRY)
in my/her behove; consume away (XXVIII); contrary to kind; estate (several uses); in like manner
preponderant use of suffix "-like" to form either adv or adv (7, not including "such-like")
Favorite or Distinctive Words, Expressions (COMMENTS)
consume away (also see above); contrary to the kind; contrariety (twice).; contrary (as a verb); estate (heavy use); the froward constellation of his own nativity; in like manner; separated from his body
Compound Words (*surely unusual, INTRO AND/OR POETRY):37 words.
(2 verbs, 7 nouns, 24 adj, 4 adv).
brain-sick (a), broad-leafed (a), captive (a), cross-wounded (a), double-dead (a), dwelling-place (n), eagle-like (adv), ever-dying (a), ever-feeding (a), ever-lasting (a), evil-edged (a), evil-spoken (a), falcon-like (adv), lame-limb (a), love-passions (n), mad-mooded* (a), new-resolved (a), new-sprung (a), night-complaints (n), over-long (a), over-master (a), over-rule (v), over-watched (a), pilgrim-like (adv), post-haste (n), ransom-day (n), rough-hewed (v), satyr-like (adv), self-same (a), she-sun (n), striking-down (n), such-like (a), ten-times-happy (a), Theseus-like (a), through-wet* (a), tyrant-like (a), unlooked-for (a)
Compound Words (COMMENTS):18 words. (1 verbs, 7 nouns, 8 adj, 2 adv).
best-beloved (a), cup-bearer (n), good-will (n), hand-to-hand (adv), ill-befitting (a), looking-glass (n), new-clothed (a), over-gone (a), over-hardness (n), over-idly (adv), over-much (a), over-passed (a), over-skipping (n), over-trouble (v), ship-man (n), step-mother (n), still-hoping (a), true-hearted (a)
Words beginning with "con" (*surely unusual, INTRO AND/OR POETRY): 26 words
(14 verbs, 8 nouns, 5 adj, adv, 1 conj).
conceit (n), concerning (conj), conceive (v), conclude (v), condemn (v), conduct (n), confer (v), confess (v), conjecture (n), conjoin (v), conquer (v), conquering (n), consent (n), constant (a), constrain (v), construction (n), consume (v), consuming (v), contain (v), content (a, v), continue (v), continual (a), contrary (a, n), control (n), convenient (a), convey (v)
Words beginning with "con" (*surely unusual, COMMENTS): 30 words
(14 verbs, 10 nouns, 5 adj, 2 adv).
conceit (n), conceive (v), concern (v), concerning (adv), conclude (v), condition (n), confer (v), confess (v), confirm (v), conquer (v), consider (v), consideration (n), consist (v), constantly (n), constellation (n), conster (v), consume (v), contain (v), contained (a), content (a), contents (n), continual (a), continually (adv), continuance (n), continuation (n), continued (a), contrariety* (n), contrary (a, v*), convey (v), conveyance (n)
Words beginning with "dis" (INTRO AND/OR POETRY): 21 words.
(12 verbs, 6 nouns, 3 adj, 1 adv).
discharged (a), discourage (v), discovering (v), discretion (n), disdain (n), disease (n, v), disfavor (v), disgrace (n), dismal (a), dismay (v), dispatch (v), displeased (v), dispose (v), disposition (n), disprove (v), dissolve (v), dissuade (v), distill (v), distinctly (adv), distraught (a), distress (n)
Words beginning with "dis" (*surely unusual, COMMENTS): 3 words (1 verb, 1 noun, 1 adj).
discourse (n), dishonest* (v), distressed (a)
Words beginning with "mis" (INTRO AND/OR POETRY): 5 words. (1 verb, 3 nouns, 1 adj).
mischance (n), misery (n), misspent (a), mistress (n), mistrust (v)
Words beginning with "mis" (COMMENTS): 6 words. (1 verb, 4 nouns, 1 adj, 1 adv).
mischance (n), miserable (a), miserably (adv), misery (n), mislike (v, n), mistress (n)
Words beginning with "over" (INTRO AND/OR POETRY): 9 words. (3 verbs, 1 noun, 5 adj.)
overcast (v), over-light (a), over-long (a), over-master (v), over-much (a), overpast (a), overrun (v), oversight (n), over-watched (a)
Words beginning with "over" (COMMENTS): 12 words. (6 verbs, 2 nouns, 5 adj).
overcame (v), overgo (v), over-gone (a), over-hardness (n), overheard (v), over-idly (a), over-much (a), over-passed (a), over-rule (v), over-skipping (n), overtaken (a, v), over-trouble (v)
Words beginning with "pre" (INTRO AND/OR POETRY): 5 words (5 verbs, 1 noun, 1 adj).
prepare (v), present (n, v, a), presume (v), prevail (v), prevent (v)
Words beginning with "pre" (COMMENTS): 7 words (3 verbs, 3 nouns, 1 adj, 1 adv).
precedent (n), prefer (v), prepare (v), presence (n), present (n, a), presently (adv), presume (v)
Words beginning with "re" (*surely unusual, INTRO AND/OR POETRY): 42 words.
(31 verbs, 17 nouns, 2 adj).
rebel (a), rebuke (v), recall (v), recompense (n), reconciliation (n), records (n), recount (v), recover (v), recure (n, v), refer (v), reflect (v), refrain (v), regard (n, v), rejoice (v), relent (v), relief (n), remain (v), remedyless (a), remember (v), remorse (n), remove (v), repair (v, n), repent (v), repentance (n), reply (n, v), repine (v), report (v), request (v, n), require (v), resign (v), resist (v), resolve (v), respect (n), restore (v), restraint (n), retain (v), retire (n, v), return (v, n), revenge (v, n), reverence* (v), revive (v), reward (n)
Words beginning with "re" (COMMENTS): 29 words. (19 verbs, 11 nouns, 1 adj).
rebel (v), rebound (v), rebuke (v), recantation (n), receive (v), recount (n, v), recure (n, v), refer (v), rehearsal (n), relate (v), relation (n), remedy (v), remember (v), remembrance (n), removed (v), renowned (a), repent (v), reply (n), report (v), reprove (v), request (n), reserve (v), residue (n), resolve (v), restitution (n), restore (v), return (v), revenge (n), reward (v)
Words beginning with "un","in" (* surely unusual, INTRO AND/OR POETRY): 24 words,
5/17/2. (5 verbs, 2 nouns, 12 adj, 4 prep, 1 conj).
incline (v), inconstant (a), instinct (n), into (prep), invention (n)
unawares (a), undertake (v), undone (v), unguilty (a), unhappy (a), unjust (a), unkind (a), unknown (a), unless (conj), unlike (a), unlooked-for (a), unmerry (a), unsay* (v), unsettled (a), until (prep), unto (prep), untrue (a)
under (prep), understood (v)
Words beginning with "un","in" (* surely unusual, COMMENTS): 19 words, 3/14/2.
(2 verbs, 6 nouns, 7 adj, 3 prep, 1 adv).
into (prep), invent (v), invention (n)
unableness* (n), unawares (a), unclothed (a), unfeignedly (a), unhappily (adv), unhappiness (n), unhappy (a), unkindness (n), unlearned (n), unquiet (a), unrest (n), unseenly (a), untimely (a), unto (prep)
under (prep), understand (v)
Words ending with "able" (INTRO AND/OR POETRY): 4 words (all adj).
honorable (a), favorable (a), miserable (a), reasonable (a)
Words ending with "able" (COMMENTS): 9 words, all adj).
acceptable (a), accomptable (a), agreeable (a), allowable (a), excusable (a), favorable (a), miserable (a), probable (a), syllable (n)
Words ending with "less" (INTRO AND/OR POETRY): 12 words (10 adj, 2 conj).
careless (a), endless (a), guiltless (a), hapless (a), heedless (a), nevertheless (conj), peerless (a), remedyless (a), restless (a), smokeless (a), unless (conj), witless (a)
Words ending with "less" (COMMENTS): 4 words (all adj).
bottomless (a), endless (a), heedless (a), remedyless (a)
Words ending with "ness" (INTRO AND/OR POETRY): 10 words (1 verb, 10 nouns).
bashfulness (n), happiness (n), lightness (n), nakedness (n), niceness (n), soundness (n), swiftness (n), wideness (n), witness (v, n), worthiness (n)
Words ending with "ness" (*surely unusual, COMMENTS): 17 words (1 verb, 16 nouns).
blindness (n), fondness (n), governess (n), grievesomness* (n), hardness (n), hardiness (n), heaviness (n), likeness (n), readiness (n), strangeness (n), unableness* (n), unhappiness (n), unkindness (n), wilderness (n), willfulness (n), witness (v), worthiness (n)
Reflexives: bathed her; consumed himself; remember me; vow me
Go Back to Hekatompathia numbers 21- 40
Go Back to Hekatompathia numbers 41- 60
Go Back to Hekatompathia numbers 61- 80
Go to Hekatompathia numbers 81- 100
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